A bushy, multi-stemmed, wide spreading shrub. Often forms dense thickets, a result of suckering from the roots. The edible fruits are shiny blue-black drupes with 3-5 stony seeds. They are 1/8 - 1/4 inch in diameter. Elderberry has to be the most versatile cutting available. It produces fruit suitable for jams, wine, birds and deer. It is very high on the browse list for deer, and large plantings create thickets you can hardly see through, much less walk through. Elderberry is quick to establish, 2 - 3 feet of growth the first year is common. After it is established, it can be mowed to the ground (by you or the deer) and will bounce back the next growing season.
Common Name: Black Elderberry
Scientific Name: Sambucus nigra
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 10
Height: 15 feet
Width: 15 feet
Size: 12" cutting
Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
Recommended mulch material: Woven fabric
Also known as: American elder, sweet elder.
Rooting hormone: Hormodin 1
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